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DMAA Lawsuit

DMAA Lawsuit

DMAA, also known as geranium oil or 1,3-dimethylamylamine, is a synthetic stimulant drug that is found in dozens of pre-workout and fat-burning supplements. DMAA is illegal and the FDA warns that it can cause high blood pressure and lead to heart attacks, seizures, psychiatric disorders, and death.

What You Can Do & How a DMAA Lawsuit Can Help

The Schmidt Firm, PLLC is currently accepting DMAA induced injury cases in all 50 states. If you or somebody you know has been injured by Jack3D, OxyElite Pro, or another DMAA supplement, you should contact our lawyers immediately for a free case consultation. Please use the form below to contact our Defective Drug Litigation Group or call us toll-free 24 hours a day at (866) 920-0753.

UPDATE: Lipodrene Recalled for Illegal DMAA Ingredient

In May 2021, Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals recalled the weight-loss supplement Lipodrene w/ 25-mg Ephedra Extract because FDA tests were positive for DMAA, an illegal stimulant drug that is linked to heart attacks and other severe side effects.

Defense Dept. Names 39 Supplements Laced with DMAA

October 14, 2015 — The Defense Department’s Human Performance Resource Center (HPRC) has compiled a list (PDF) of 39 pre-workout supplements that may contain DMAA, a hazardous and illegal stimulant drug:

  • 1,3 D Bomb (Total Body Nutrition USA)
  • 1,3 Dimethylamylamine (various distributors & suppliers)
  • Atomizer (Aviva Nutrition/Active Sports Distribution)
  • Black Widow (Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals LLC)
  • Blood Rush Pump (Muscle Gauge Nutrition)
  • Decimate (Cygen Laboratories)
  • DMAA Powder (various)
  • EPH 100 (Delta Health Products)
  • EPH-25 New Formula (Accelerated Sport Neutraceuticals (ASN)
  • Fastin-XR (Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals LLC)
  • FlashOver (Omega Sports)
  • Fruta Planta USA (American Generic Labs (AGL)
  • Geranamine powder and capsules (Fusion Supplements)
  • Get Ripped (Accelerated Sport Nutraceuticals (ASN)
  • HydroxyElite (Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals LLC)
  • HyperLean FX7 (Nova Body Science)
  • Ignite Energy Boost (Accelerated Sport Nutraceuticals (ASN)
  • Jack’d Upd (Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals LLC)
  • Lipodrene Hardcore (Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals LLC)
  • Lipodrene Xtreme (Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals LLC)
  • Mesomorph (APS / Advance Performance Supplements)
  • NOX Pump (Dorian Yates Nutrition)
  • Old Jack (Gen One)
  • OxyphenXR (Beta Labs, LTD)
  • Phenadrine (APS / Advance Performance Supplements)
  • Rocket Fuel Capsules (Fusion Supplements)
  • RoxyLean ECA (BPI Sports)
  • Seirogan Toi A (Taiko Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.)
  • Stimerex Hardcore (Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals LLC)
  • Stimerex-ES Ephedra Extract (Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals LLC)
  • Stimerex-ES Ephedra Free (Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals LLC)
  • StimulantX (Anabolic Xtreme)
  • Suppress NT (Nutrition Alliance International (NSI)
  • Tiger Claw DMAA (Kempo Nutrition)
  • White Lightning (APS / Advance Performance Supplements)
  • Yellow Scorpion (Hi-Tech Pharmaceuticals LLC)
  • Yellow Thunder (APS / Advance Performance Supplements)
  • Zenalean Pro (Accelerated Sport Neutraceuticals (ASN)

Defense Dept. Clears DMAA In Deaths of Four Soldiers

August 7, 2013 — The DoD has determined that DMAA did not play a role in the deaths of four servicemen. The DoD found that up to 15% of servicemen take DMAA. The investigators found that servicemen who took DMAA were twice as likely to have multiple injuries (heat injuries, seizures, brain hemorrhage) and the risk was 3.5-times higher for people who took DMAA for more than 80 days.

April 27, 2012 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has just sent warning letters to ten manufacturers of dietary supplements containing DMAA, a controversial stimulant drug that has been linked to 2 deaths and 42 severe adverse events.

The following is a list of manufacturers who received warning letters:

  • Exclusive Supplements (Biorhythm SSIN Juice)
  • Fahrenheit Nutrition (Lean Efx)
  • Gaspari Nutrition (Spirodex)
  • iSatori Global Technologies, LLC (PWR)
  • Muscle Warfare, Inc. (Napalm)
  • MuscleMeds Performance Technologies (Code Red)
  • Nutrex Research (Hemo Rage Black, Lipo-6 Black Ultra Concentrate, Lipo-6 Black, Lipo-6 Black Hers Ultra Concentrate, and Lipo-6 Black Hers)
  • SEI Pharmaceuticals (MethylHex 4,2)
  • SNI LLC (Nitric Blast)
  • USP Labs, LLC (Oxy Elite Pro, Jack3D)

The FDA has concluded that “synthetically-produced DMAA is not a ‘dietary ingredient’ and, therefore, is not eligible to be used as an active ingredient in a dietary supplement.” Under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA), manufacturers of dietary supplements containing ingredients created after 1994 must provide the FDA with evidence of the safety of the ingredient. The manufacturers of DMAA products have never provided the FDA with evidence regarding the safety of DMAA. The FDA warns that DMAA is known to cause blood vessel constriction, which can elevate blood pressure and increase the risk of deadly heart attacks.

Investigation Links DMAA and Sports-Doping Scandal

August 2006 — The Washington Post reports that DMAA was first marketed as a supplement by Patrick Arnold, a chemist who served federal prison time for his role in the BALCO / Barry Bonds sports-doping scandal. Click here to read more.

DMAA Overview

DMAA is a dietary supplement that contains synthetic drugs with stimulant effects. It is sold under various names (Jack3d, OxyElite Pro, and more), and marketed mostly toward fitness enthusiasts looking for a pre-workout booster or weight-loss. The compounds in the drug are similar to amphetamines and ephedrine, but not as strong.

DMAA may appear on product labels under the following names:

  • DMAA
  • Geranamine, Geranium oil, extract, or any part of the geranium plant
  • 1,3-Dimethylamylamine
  • 1,3-dimethylpentylamine
  • methylhexaneamine (MHA)
  • methylhexanamine
  • methylhexamine
  • 4-methyl-2-hexanamine
  • 2-amino-4-methylhexane

Products containing DMAA include:

  • USPlabs Jack3d (Tropical Fruit and Lemon Lime)
  • USPlabs Oxy Elite Pro
  • BPI Sports RoxyLean ECA
  • Nutrex Lipo 6 Black Caps (his and hers)
  • Nutrex Lipo 6 Black Ultra Concentrated (his and hers)
  • Nutrex Hemo Rage Black Powder (Punch and Berry)
  • Isatori PWR
  • Muscletech Neurocore
  • Muscletech Hydroxyslim
  • Fahrenheit Nutrition Lean EFX
  • Muscle Warfare Napalm
  • All American Efx K-Otic
  • SNI Nitric Blast
  • BIORhythm SSIN Juice
  • Muscle Meds Code Red
  • SEI MethylHex (4 and 2)
  • Grenade (universal) Grenade
  • M.A.P. (iovate) Arson
  • Gaspari Nutrition Spirodex

DMAA linked to Deaths

Two soldiers died after having heart attacks during fitness exercises. In summer 2011, a 22 year-old soldier collapsed at an Army base in the Southwest during a training run. In fall 2011, a 32 year-old solder at the same base collapsed after taking a physical fitness test. The 32 year-old died a month later in the hospital. DMAA was found in both the solders’ bloodstreams. However, in August 2012, the DOD concluded that DMAA has risks, but it did not cause the soldiers’ deaths.

DMAA was also found in the bloodstream of a New Zealand man who took “party pills” containing the drug, and he later suffered a fatal cerebral hemorrhage.

Military Bans DMAA

The U.S. Department of Defense pulled dozens of products containing DMAA off shelves in on-base stores, pending review of potentially deadly side effects. The move is a precautionary measure until further safety reviews can be conducted. DMAA remains legal to use in the United States.

The Army had also received some reports of liver and kidney failure, seizures, loss of consciousness, and rapid heartbeat in other military personnel who had used products containing DMAA. Whether the products caused these symptoms is still unclear.

DMAA Linked to False Positives for Methamphethamine

The Department of Defense (DOD) found that DMAA can potentially cause false positives for methamphetamine during drug testing, according to this study published in 2011 in the Journal of Analytical Toxicology. The conclusions were based on over 100 false-positive urine sample drug tests.

Is DMAA a Dietary Supplement?

DMAA was originally developed by the pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly during the 1940s as a nasal decongestant, which was sold as Forthane. Medical literature in the 1950s warned that DMAA was more potent in animals than ephedrine.

Though it was developed as a drug, DMAA is sold now as a “dietary supplement.” Products sold as dietary supplements do not need to gain approval from the FDA before they are sold. They do not need to conduct safety studies or have scientific evidence to prove they are effective.

A spokeswoman for USPlabs, the Dallas company that markets OxyElite Pro and Jack3d, said that there is no evidence to suggest the products are dangerous. In a statement for an article published in the New York Times, she said that DMAA is a naturally occurring compound found in an Asian geranium that has been used as food for more than a century, with mild stimulant effects similar to caffeine.

The link between DMAA and the geranium is a point of contention. The evidence linking the drug to the geranium is based on a single report from a Chinese technical journal that was not peer-reviewed. The report, published in 1996, analyzed essential oil obtained from dried leaves of an Asian geranium. More than 40 compounds were reportedly detected, and of these, 31 compounds were “identified” by an automated system.

Since this Chinese report was published, no one has been able to reproduce the results. The manufacturers of DMAA have been unwilling or unable to provide scientists with the cut and dried botanical samples that supposedly form the basis of DMAA.

Most experts now agree that there is no credible evidence linking DMAA to a natural source, and it is actually a synthetic drug. In August 2011, the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) said that its members will no longer be able to label DMAA as geranium oil, extract, or any part of the geranium plant.

DMAA Side Effects

  • Headaches
  • Tremors
  • Light-headedness
  • Depression
  • Dehydration
  • Heat stroke
  • Cold sweats
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Liver failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Rhabdomyolysis
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Racing heartbeat
  • Heart palpitations
  • Heart Attack
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Stroke
  • Lethal exhaustion
  • Seizure
  • Death

Do I have a DMAA Lawsuit?

The Schmidt Firm, PLLC is currently accepting DMAA induced injury cases in all 50 states. If you or somebody you know has been injured by Jack3D, OxyElite Pro, or another DMAA supplement, you should contact our lawyers immediately for a free case consultation. Please use the form below to contact our Defective Drug Litigation Group or call us toll-free 24 hours a day at (866) 920-0753.

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