August 30, 2012 — The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) announced that DMAA, Jack3d, and any other dietary supplements containing DMAA must be removed from the market in the U.K. The health agency has taken action amid concerns that the products are hazardous to public health and safety.
The MHRA previously took action against DMAA earlier this year, when they sent eight warning letters to manufacturers of products containing the ingredient. One of the retailers appealed the decision. A spokesperson for the MHRA said that they were waiting for a verdict in the appeal before announcing an official ban.
The agency has ruled that DMAA is an illegal unlicensed medicine, and therefore cannot be sold online or in retail stores in the U.K. They named Jack3d, a supplement sold by USP Labs LLC, as one product that could potentially pose risks to public safety.
Many other countries and health agencies have taken action to restrict sales of DMAA. In Ireland, officials ordered that Irish-based companies cannot sell products containing DMAA, and customers should not purchase the products. In Australia and New Zealand, health authorities recommended that customers should discard any products containing DMAA. In the United States, the FDA issued 10 warning letters to manufacturers of DMAA products, and the Department of Defense banned sales of DMAA on military bases.
DMAA is also banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency, which tests competitive athletes for DMAA. The agency reports that DMAA has caused more doping offenses for elite athletes than any other drug. The problem is that many supplements contain DMAA, but do not list it on the ingredient labels.
DMAA (also known as 1,3-dimethylamylamine, methylhexanamine, geranium oil/extract) is commonly used by athletes as a pre-workout energy booster. It is also sometimes used for weight-loss or as a “party pill.”
Unfortunately, DMAA is known to increase blood pressure and heart rate, which could increase the risk of heart problems, especially during heavy exercise. It has also been linked to psychiatric disorders, cerebral hemorrhage, shortness of breath, and other serious side effects. Although the manufacturers claim that DMAA is a natural product derived from the geranium plant, the evidence supporting this claim is questionable, and most experts agree that DMAA is actually a synthetically-derived stimulant drug with potentially fatal side effects. At least two deaths have been linked to DMAA, and the U.S. FDA has received dozens of adverse event reports.
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