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Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy Lawyer & Lawsuit


Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy, a life-threatening brain infection, has recently been linked to the use of both Rituxan and Raptiva.

What is Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy?

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a serious, rare and fatal viral disease involving inflammation of the white matter of the brain. PML is caused by the JC virus (JCV). This virus is found in a lot of people, but usually does not cause symptoms. However, it triggers PML in people who have severe immune deficiency. PML is almost always deadly, and patients commonly die within 3-6 months of developing it.

Signs & Symptoms of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

The following is a list of signs and symptoms related to Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy:

  • Mental deterioration
  • Vision loss
  • Speech disturbances
  • Ataxia
  • Paralysis
  • Coma
  • Seizures
  • Muscle weakness
  • Hemiparesis
  • Facial weakness
  • Dysphasia
  • Memory failure
  • Cognition failure

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy Diagnosis and Treatment Options

PML is diagnosed by testing for the JC virus in cerebrospinal fluid or in a brain biopsy specimen. An MRI can also detect damage caused by PML in the brain. Other possible tests include Cytology exam of the urine, CT scan, or electroencephalography, a test to look at brain waves. Treatment consists of anti-viral and other medications including cidofovir and interleukin-2. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is also a treatment used in some AIDS patients.

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